Wednesday, August 26, 2020

Investigating how much the 5 pence minimum charge on local calls increases the cost of making local calls Essays

Researching how much the 5 pence least charge on neighborhood considers builds the expense of making nearby calls Essays Examining how much the 5 pence least charge on neighborhood considers expands the expense of making nearby calls Essay Examining how much the 5 pence least charge on neighborhood considers expands the expense of making nearby calls Essay The point of this coursework is to find how much the 5 pence least charge (to cite BT: the base charge for each call stays at 5p comprehensive of VAT) on nearby considers expands the expense of making neighborhood calls. This data would then be utilized to find out in the case of moving to a phone administrator without a base charge would be a smart thought. In the event that moving would set aside cash, at that point it would merit doing. Positively, investigating the current charge, it appears as though there are numerous calls under 5 minutes (as nearby rates are 1 pence every moment during the night and end of the week and the telephone is constantly turned off during the daytime). Information Collection The populace is the aggregate of neighborhood calls made during 3-month time frame. This populace is shaped on account of the parade of just one separated bill, which happens to be from first of November to the first of February. The current phone administrator is BT. This bill (for example the populace) records 886 calls, with an all out term of 30 hours, 38 minutes and 57 seconds. The total expense for this period is à ¯Ã¢ ¿Ã¢ ½50.30 (to the closest 2 d.p., before VAT). The populace is ceaseless on the grounds that time can be given to any number of decimal spots. The information is sullen as exact as it is conceivable to be just untraceable PC bugs could clarify mistakes. As PC issues are improbable for an enormous global firm, for example, BT, we can believe the information inside the populace to be dependable and acceptable quality. An example strategy fitting here could be irregular inspecting. A case of this may be marking 886 bits of paper, tossing them into a cap and choosing 50. Likewise, a PC could be utilized to choose 50 irregular whole number numbers in the scope of 0 and 887. Such an arbitrary strategy would anyway give no sign of whether the term of brings stayed steady after some time. Arbitrary examining may permit a specific bunch of calls to overwhelm the general pattern. Separated inspecting would not be suitable for the examination since we need to discover the quantity of 5-minute calls, not simply select a specific number of them. This testing strategy would be helpful for a sub-examination, for instance to perceive how much impact the more than 5-minute calls make to the charging by just choosing the more than 5-minute calls and evaluating their greatness. Another method of testing is select each x call, where x is the consequence of 886/50 adjusted down to the closest entire whole number. This would mean account the call term for each seventeenth call (in light of the fact that 886/50 = 17.72). This will create more that 50 examples, in any case, 50 is a base not a most extreme. As the information is most likely exact, there can't be any outliners. If it's not too much trouble note: a PC maths or spreadsheet bundle has not been utilized in the planning of this report. Subsequently, the information gathered is given roar (and afterward arranged by hand): Call length in a moment or two Cell length like a flash (arranged) 53 10 50 11 10 20 120 31 413 33 45 33 274 34 99 35 48 35 50 35 100 35 53 35 54 36 42 36 44 37 11 38 108 38 36 38 38 39 54 41 47 41 41 42 54 42 35 42 47 44 50 45 269 45 42 47 35 47 55 48 35 50 227 50 35 50 33 53 36 53 39 54 170 54 35 54 1077 55 38 57 31 99 33 100 45 107 1266 108 34 120 107 170 20 227 57 269 38 274 37 413 42 1077 41 1266 Table 1 crude information and crude information arranged Investigation Mean A mean gives some thought of focal inclination (the normal call span). It will be that as it may, be influenced by the extraordinary qualities 413, 1077 and 1266. In this way, it appears to be suitable to gauge the mean with and without the 3 qualities. With the 3 qualities (done utilizing a number cruncher, to 2 d.p.): ==112.56 seconds or 1 moment 52.56 seconds Obviously, this answer is higher than the vast majority of the occasions, so not especially agent. With out the 3 qualities (done utilizing an adding machine, to 2 d.p. ): ==63.2 seconds or 1 moment 3.2 seconds. The subsequent answer appears to be progressively delegate, yet doesn't assess most of the occasions. Mode The mode is another proportion of focal inclination that gives the most successive call span. The mode is plainly 35 seconds (since this call term is the most incessant, being rehashed multiple times). From a visual assessment, this time appears to give a significant decent sign of focal inclination as more often than not appear to fall inside the 9 t (seconds) 61 territory. Middle Another proportion of focal propensity is the middle, which might be numerically determined or perused off a calmative recurrence chart. As the later isn't important precise in light of the fact that hand drawn, the numerical technique will be utilized. The middle gives the center number, and as such isn't influenced by the outrageous numbers. It doesn't be that as it may, assess the real estimations of the call lengths. Ideally, it should give some thought with regards to the normal of the information. To compute the middle, the numbers should each be doled out a position. The middle is the mean of the length allocated to the 26th and 27th position (in light of the fact that 52/2 =26 and (52/2)+1=27 and n is even). The positions, which were allocated physically to the information, are given in the table underneath: Positions Cell span in a moment or two (arranged) 1 10 2 11 3 20 4 31 5 33 6 33 7 34 8 35 9 35 10 35 11 35 12 35 13 36 14 36 15 37 16 38 17 38 18 38 19 39 20 41 21 41 22 42 23 42 24 42 25 44 26 45 27 45 28 47 29 47 30 48 31 50 32 50 33 50 34 53 35 53 36 54 37 54 38 54 39 55 40 57 41 99 42 100 43 107 44 108 45 120 46 170 47 227 48 269 49 274 50 413 51 1077 52 1266 Table 2 crude information arranged and positioned (by hand) The 26th and 27th qualities are both 45 seconds. In this manner, the middle is 45 seconds ((45+45)/2=45). From visual investigation, this appears to speak to everything except the outrageous qualities, be that as it may, the mode appears to give the best proportion of focal propensity. Reaches The range is 10 1266 (=1256). In the event that the finial 3 qualities were expelled, the range would be 10 284. This shows the 3 qualities do have an outrageous effect upon the computations that consider. The between quartile range would give a superior proportion of spread, as it would evade the outrageous qualities. The middle of the middle of the entire informational index and the lower bound is the lower quartile, while the middle of the middle of the entire information and the upper bound is the upper quartile. Lower quartile The thirteenth worth is 36, just like the fourteenth. In this way, the lower quartile is 36 seconds. Upper quartile The 39th worth is 55, and the 40th is 57. the upper quartile is 56 seconds. Along these lines, the between quartile run is 56-36 or 20 seconds. This discloses to us that the center portion of the example is with a 20 second range. Since half of 52 is 26, we realize that the 26 of the example falls inside the 20 seconds of one another. Along these lines, we can derive that the middle is a decent proportion of focal inclination. Ascertaining the midrange would not be appropriate, as the extraordinary qualities would have too huge an effect on the outcome. Standard deviation The standard deviation estimates normal (not precise as a result of squaring and square-establishing, purported standard) deviation from the mean. As 2/3s of the information exist in the standard deviation, maybe it will be a decent proportion of spread and focal inclination. The standard deviation will help disclose to us whether 2/third of the information is inside 5 minutes, and if so it might merit changing the administrator. The equation utilized is: . The squared call lengths are given roar (these squares were determined by utilizing an adding machine). Call term like a flash Cell length in a moment or two (squared) 10 100 11 121 20 400 31 961 33 1089 33 1089 34 1156 35 1225 35 1225 35 1225 35 1225 35 1225 36 1296 36 1296 37 1369 38 1444 38 1444 38 1444 39 1521 41 1681 41 1681 42 1764 42 1764 42 1764 44 1936 45 2025 45 2025 47 2209 47 2209 48 2304 50 2500 50 2500 50 2500 53 2809 53 2809 54 2916 54 2916 54 2916 55 3025 57 3249 99 9801 100 10000 107 11449 108 11664 120 14400 170 28900 227 51529 269 72361 274 75076 413 170569 1077 1159929 1266 1602756 Table 3 call lengths arranged and squared (utilizing a number cruncher) (determined utilizing un-adjusted qualities, and checked utilizing the measurable capacity of the number cruncher.) In this manner, 2/third of the call lengths exist in 224.89 seconds. 224.89 seconds is 3 minutes 44.89 seconds, indicating that 2/3rds of the call terms exist in a short time of the mean. This emphatically demonstrates changing administrator would be advantageous. Number of call spans under 5 minutes Another valuable count is ascertain what number of the call spans fall underneath 5 minutes (300 seconds). On the off chance that we think about the example sensibly delegate, at that point we can say that the proportion of under 5 moment to more than brief calls is 49:3. In the event that the example is delegate, at that point this implies there is a high number of calls roar 5 minutes. Presentations Box and stubble outline A decent was of summing up a portion of the counts above would be a case and hair chart. This is figure 1. Recurrence polygon A recurrence polygon is a fitting technique for finding the state of the conveyance (see figure 2 and sheet F2). It would be ideal if you note that the last 3 call lengths were excluded, as this would have antagonistically influenced the scale and not given an important presentation. Figure 2 shows a slight positive slant. There is a tight dissemination around 20-60 seconds. Following 60 seconds, there are incidental calls lengths. Aggregate recurrence outline Suspecting a tight dispersion, an aggregate f

Saturday, August 22, 2020

International Business and Trade Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3000 words

Universal Business and Trade - Essay Example The initial segment of the article uncovered the weak exhibition of Carphone's broadband image TalkTalk. Carphone stocks plunged as news demonstrated the administration execution issues of TalkTalk endorsers. The terrible showing, as indicated by Carphone is halfway because of British Telecom's (BT) Openreach division. The retail monster accepted that BT's advancement in moving of clients from the last to the previous was moderate. However this issue was dominated by the way that Vodafone, UK's driving portable specialist co-op, marked a select agreement with Phones 4u, Carphone's fundamental rival. Carphone is UK's pioneer in cell phones retail. On account of the creative personalities of Charles Dunstone and David Ross, the versatile retailer, which was at first a little store along Marylebone Road in London, turned into a 4 billion mammoth industry. Vodafone, the pioneer in versatile administrations, had been a nearby accomplice in Britain's portable correspondences industry development. Dunstone's forceful dream to make Carphone a genuine portable pioneer guided him to coordinate TalkTalk broadband help. The business visionary likewise banded together with Sir Richard Branson in propelling Virgin Mobile in France. Another strong move, the 320 million looming securing of AOL UK would make Carphone a main impetus in broadband and web industry. Carphone's driven moves make it both a portable retail an... To all the more likely handle this, let us take a gander at the historical backdrop of UK's versatile industry. UK's portable industry has changed definitely from first experience with the market. True to form, both cell phone retailers and portable specialist co-ops had an exceptionally amicable shared relationship in serving energetic purchasers of the as of late provided, advanced contraptions known as cell phones. However, as pretty much every British individual has his own cell phone, the principles of the portable business changed. At present, to improve execution, portable specialist organizations focus on the most proficient method to charm endorsers of agreement benefits from contenders, organizing on lucrative agreement clients more than the more transient pre pay clients. Then again, versatile retailers benefit on the redesigns of gadgets, switches for a superior arrangement and administration for their clients, and different exercises that require their administration. With its wellspring of benefit originating from commission and administration incomes, retailers are concerned more on the exercises of their clients: the more noteworthy number of exercises, the more prominent the benefit. Proposed Marketing Strategies Given a short foundation on milieu inside which Carphone is associated with, the author proposes that, to improve its general execution in the portable business, it should first focus on settling the issues in quite a while bread and butter administration: versatile retail. Repositioning its versatile retail business will open an approach to fix the issues it has with its broadband business. Carphone needs to fix its center business first before it should proceed onward to his later undertakings. Repositioning Carphone's retail administration The initial step that Carphone should take in boosting its debilitating exhibition according to its

Tuesday, August 18, 2020

A Story About Muti

A Story About Muti Writing after going to Ethiopia has always been impossible. When I was seven years old I took my first trip to Ethiopia with my family. My teacher asked me to keep a journal as my assignment for missing school for an entire month, because we went in the winter during the dry season, so I missed a good deal before and after winter break. I wrote and doodled in my journal everyday, and when I came back to our second grade classroom, all my writing involved my cousins or the farm or playing outside in Kaffa. Yet, I never was able to tie it all together. But that was when I was seven, and at the time that I would one day be determined to write a book, dash out ten pages of nonsense fantasy fiction, and promptly forget about it the next day. When I was 12 years old I didn’t write while in Ethiopia, but I came home and still tried, in my own, hand-written journal. When I was 16 years old, I wrote daily “diary” entries on my phone during our short, two-week trip in the winter (you simply can’t miss one whole month of high school as easily as middle or elementary) and returned to scribble here and there on my tumblr blog. But again, it was only scenes, people, and placesnothing that encompassed the whole time period that I was there. When I was 18 years old, I went by myself and recorded our entire family tree. I went home and wanted to write the stories of our family history, which is still sitting in my Google Drive somewhere. It is impossible to abstract out all of my emotions, my experiences, and my day to day thoughts while in Ethiopia into a single, coherent piece, although that’s what I’m trying to do today. It’s not that a blog post is too shortrather, even if I were told to sit down and write a novel about my last trip to Ethiopia, it would still be an incoherent collection of ramblings and loose ends that don’t deserve the term “novel”, don’t deserve any term, really. I wrote three iterations of this draft that were much less coherent, and it has taken me three weeks to write this blog post. This time, I have a story. The story is not about me (well, not entirely), and it’s not about Ethiopia, and it is not about my family, or being called foreign in a place I consider home, or about the differences between Addis Ababa and the countryside, or about what “being Ethiopian” means. The other three iterations of this draft touched on all those things, but finally, I decided to cut them away, for the sake of telling this story, rather than any other one. This story is about Muti. Muti is a village in Kaffa, SNNPR, Ethiopia. I went there several times, during the trips of my childhood, and many of my relatives live there. Muti is a large place, with a middle school and secondary school. A market is held there on Sundays. The surrounding villages have none of these. It is also the last village before paved roads, and so its important to those who live in villages on the other side of it. They walk or ride horses, so they cannot travel much further very easily. Many come from as far away as 2-4 hours walking for the market. Still more people, children, come to Muti for school. Many will live with relatives or rent housing there during the week and return to their homes only on the weekends. Muti also has a water problem. All the water in Muti is delivered through spring protections. A spring protection is made where there’s a source of running water (such as a river or spring). You can clean up the site (often by digging drainage trenches and the like) and cover it in a concrete structure. The water produced is very clean, because the sediments of the earth itself can act as good filters, and the protected water source becomes self-cleaning. Afterward, you only need to maintain it by regular cleanings every month. The spring protections in Muti have stopped working, emptying or drying up every 5-10 years. Currently, all but one of the spring protections has stopped working. Many more than just the inhabitants of Muti depend on Muti’s waterand Muti itself has a population of over 2000. The only clean water source that remains is the one next to the secondary school, too far for many of the people in Muti to walk to for water. One day, far away from Muti in Boston, I called my father. I told him about my lifeschool was hard, sleep was not happening, UROP-ing at the Media Lab was awesome, etc.and my father told me about his. He always allotted part of our conversations to telling me about “back home”our family in Ethiopia, and how they were doing, who was doing what. My cousins passed the national matric examnot too different from the tests I talked about. Someone’s horse was eaten by a lion; that sentence would not make any sense if I said it to someone at MIT. He also told me the story of Muti, a village that lost its water supplydoesn’t that also sound like nonsense? Just as it’s nonsensical to think of someone at MIT losing their horse to a lion, is it not also nonsensical to think of someone at MIT not having water? I remember putting down the phone and thinking about how striking this difference was, the differences between the problems I told my father about and the problems he described to me. Another day, also in Boston, I was psetting at a library. My friend Alberto H. ‘17 turned to me and said, “Hey, let’s go to Ethiopia over IAP!!” He was taking an Amharic class at Harvard, and had become interested in Ethiopian culture. I thought he was jokingand, well, he was, in that I said “ok sounds good” and we both went back to working. But then, Alberto heard about a grant, and so he set up a couple meetings, inviting me to them. We heard about other grants and went to more meetings; we wrote proposals, found faculty advisors, talked to anyone who would listen. I told Alberto the story of Muti, and together, we told the story to everyone else we talked to. We talked to Malte A. ‘17, a junior at MIT and an intern at the World Bank. He was flying to Mongolia for a STEM education project the week after our brief meeting with him. He gave us our initial energy and excitement, urging us to pursue anything we could and telling us, in detail, many of the methods that worked or did not work in his own past international development projects. Most of all, he told us never to get discouraged or give up. Talking to Malte was particularly crucial in ensuring we took our project seriouslyhe was an example that, even as an undergrad, you could pursue international projects on your own initiative and time. You could even be successful. We talked to Dr. Ken Strzepek at an MIT-Africa Interest Group (MAIG) meeting, which we attended in order to find people who could help us conduct our project. It was midterms and we did not look ready for an evening of networking with research scientists and graduate students. Alberto was wearing sweatpants, and I had a hat over my incredibly messy hair. Even as we mumbled “excuse our appearances, midterms [something something]”, Dr. Strzepek surprised us by saying, “Wow! Undergrads!”. Out of the 30-40 people at the MAIG meeting, only three undergraduates attended. Dr. Strzepek gave us his card, calling out as he left, Were partners now! Let me know if you need to know people in Addis Ababa!, the edge of his blazer whipping around the doorway. That day, wearing a beanie, next to my sweatpants-clad teammate, amidst graduate students and research scientists all sporting business casual or better, was the day I learned that something is always better than nothing, and became muc h less of a perfectionist. We also talked to Professor Hazel Sive at the MAIG meeting, one of my favorite professors on MIT’s campus. She taught me 7.013 (General Biology), a class with at least 300 people in it, where I would not have expected to grow to personally admire a professor. Though teaching 300 students, she still managed to show that she genuinely cared about all of us. Professor Sive told us to talk to Shalom A. ‘16, another Ethiopian undergraduate student she had worked with who had conducted projects in or involving Ethiopia before. I talked to Shalom, who then told me about a company called xHub, a startup incubator in Addis Ababa that helped him with one of his projects: teaching a sort of compressed IAP version of 6.006 to tech professionals and university students in Addis Ababa. He said he would be in Ethiopia during IAP as well in case we needed any help on-site. Somewhere in the midst of all this, Alberto and I actually won one of the many grants we applied to, the Tau Beta Pi Engineering Service Fellowship. We were awarded $3,000 to travel to Ethiopia and conduct research there, with the aim of solving Muti’s water problem. We were actually going to go. Now, I tell this story very linearly, but what actually happened was much different than that. Winning the grant meant that what had started out as a phone call, a thought, and a random conversation in a library was going to become real. Our contacts we met through many meetings and emails, where the people we met with and emailed would then refer us to other people to meet with and email. We received one grant out of the many that we applied to or looked for. What seems linear came from something more like a spiderweba lead here, a lead there, until finally, we had at least one, straight, path. I arrived in Ethiopia January 1st, 2016 (yes, I spent New Year’s Eve on a plane). After settling in, I called Shalom and set up a meeting at the xHub offices in Bole, Addis Ababa’s most rapidly developing district. Through xHub, I met Leul Dereje, the co-president of a nonprofit called Drop of Water. Drop of Water was formed at Ethiopia’s Mekele University. It started when Matt Damon came to Ethiopia working on his own water initiatives and some students went to take a picture with him. After listening to his talk, they decided that they, too, as Ethiopian citizens, should be involved in developing water projects. So they fundraised by selling small things at their schoolT-Shirts, pensand raised enough money to build a well. Then they built another one, and another one, and another. Pretty soon it was the largest volunteer club at Mekele. The president, Hermella Wondimu, left her career to become the president of what Drop of Water is now, a fully recognized NGO. I admire Drop of Water and the group behind it so much because it involves Ethiopians helping other Ethiopians, young people volunteering for their communities the same way young people in the US volunteer for theirs. It removes the often problematic situation of exclusively foreign nonprofits having control over projects they may not as thoroughly comprehend. Drop of Water (and xHub), to me, serve as proof that Ethiopia has talented, bright young people, great thinkiers and ambitious innovators amidst its population. As the nation develops, these talented people and groups are revealed again and again, refuting shallow ideas about Africa and African people as a whole. Ethiopians have always had a lot of prideit is the only African country that was never colonizedand now, that pride and energy seems only to be blossoming more. The conversation I had with Leul was an exciting, transformative momentso much so that Ill need a separate blog post to describe it. Drop of Water told us that in order to help us implement a well, they needed a contact at a local university. They wanted to have a sort of base, similar to Mekele University, where they could recruit student volunteers and also give them some work experience, helping the community two-fold. For example, they recruited a Mekele student to do a geographical survey for one of their wells, and the student gained some practical experience to help with their resume (we also have volunteer work like this in the United States). So, we looked for universities near Muti that could cooperate with Drop of Water. We were then put in touch with the president of Mizan-Tepi University, where some of my own cousins had attended college. We’re still working, now, on finalizing their relationship with Drop of Water and ourselves in order to implement the wells. In our search for more technical information, we met with a connection of Dr. Strzepek’s, Yohannes Gebretseadik. Yohannes did his postdoctoral fellowship at MIT, and now works for the UN Nile Basin Project in Entebbe, Uganda. Yohannes gave us a lot of valuable advice on what sort of water data to look for, how to design our solution, and what might work best. After consulting with him, we tentatively decided to perform a hand-dug well project in Muti, a design we’re still working on. Muti is far from the capital city. It takes a 9-hour bus ride to get to a town, Wush Wush, where we stayed with my aunt. Then, we hiked/rode horses for four hours to get to my father’s village in the countryside, and Muti was two hours walking from there. When we arrived in Muti, we talked to Abba Kiflea local priest. “Abba” means “Father” in AmharicFather Kifle. Abba Kifle gave us much more insight into what the community of Muti really needed, what people were struggling with, and what they wanted out of a water source. He showed us all the spring protection sites, the ones that had stopped working and failed and a couple that seemed to only work sporadically, on their way out. He also showed us potential spots for other spring protections or water projects. Abba Kifle was excited about our project, and impressed upon us how dire the current situation was. “The people are really suffering,” he said. It was clear to me he was someone who’s always eager to help anyone who needs him, especially in his community. When we left, he drove us from Muti to the next town, Chiri. Along the way, he collected hitchhikers, who would climb into the back of the pickup truck as he continued pressing on the bumpy road. He jokingly complained”I am Muti’s taxi, eh?”but did not refuse anyone. All this way that Alberto and I had been traveling to get to Muti, I asked people, especially in Kaffa, about the water situation. Little kids, especially. I asked my six year old cousin Ermias, “Muti aacho beeti?” Is there water in Muti? He simply responded, “Aalle.” No, there is not. My older cousins wanted to know why I had come back so soonI’d told them before many times that I could not come back before I graduated college. I had to explain simply, since my Amharic and Kafa No’No aren’t too great. I always explained by asking, is there water in Muti? And when they responded, no, I told them, I came here to fix Muti’s water problem. There was no way for me to provide caveats or qualificationsI just wasn’t good enough at the language, and it would take too long. I simply had to tell them, I came here to fix Muti’s water. So, it became a promise. After returning to the capital in Addis Ababa, we met with the Secretary General of Ethiopia, Negus Lemma, who we were introduced to through Alberto’s Amharic professor. He agreed to help us with any administrative tasks we might have to go throughsuch as acquiring construction licensesand agreed that our relationship could form a basis of support for any future MIT initiatives we might want to pursue (which, after this exciting trip, I was definitely planning on pursuing). We met with Drop of Water again and set everything up for implementation as soon as we were able to acquire more funding from MIT. That is where we are now. Muti still has no well, unfortunately, but we owe them one, and we hope it’s coming soon. The story isn’t finished yetand truthfully, real stories never do. I could have started this story about water in Muti much farther back then when I began, back to the spring protection implemented at the school by an organization from Colorado, or back to when one of our family friends visited and saw the school children drinking water that had worms, or back to when Abba Kifle was first placed in Muti and witnessed earlier projects. I could end this story right now, too, waiting for a solutionbut I choose to say this one hasn’t ended yet. The week that I returned to MIT, I had a phone call with the president of Mizan-Tepi University, and clarified some points of our project and Drop of Water. After that, I had a phone call with Dr. Strzepek, who helped me find some precipitation data in Kaffa. I exchanged many emails with Tau Beta Pi, the provider of our grant, figuring out logistics. I thought after this IAP I would be “done” with this project, hand it off to someone elsebut actually, I’m very much still in the thick of it, and glad to be there. I still can’t believe it started with a phone call, a thought, and a random conversation in the library. My friend and current president of Chinese Students Club, Jessica W. 16, once asked me the question, what motivates you?”. She was referring to the current trend that some engineers (especially in software) were worried increased specialization of tasks and the tech bubble were fueling only first-world solutions to first-world problems. She told me she once watched a talk by a Facebook engineer who worked on the project, and urged budding software developers to think about the meaning in their work, who their contributions would impact and how. My response to Jessica’s question was something along the lines of my family in Ethiopia and aiming to fix the problems they facethat’s what motivates me. Yet, I also said that at the moment I was just pursuing whatever was interesting. I thought of helping my region of Ethiopia as a goal for after I graduate, or after I had been working for some time. A lot of people preface the goals they have to better their communities or the world by the phrases “once I’ve got money” or “once I have time”. I can assure you that I had neither of these. I discovered that in truth, you do not have to wait. You can impact someone, somewhere, nowas long as you are passionate about it. Post Tagged #Muti Water Project

Sunday, May 24, 2020

The Horrors of Colonialism and Imperialism in Conrads...

From the onset of the novella Heart of Darkness, the narrator Marlow compares his subsequent tale of colonialism with that of the Roman colonization of Northern Europe and the fascination associated with such an endeavor. However, throughout his narration, Marlow challenges this viewpoint by painting a heinous picture of the horrors of colonialist ventures. In the opening of his tale, Conrad, through Marlow, establishes his thoughts on colonialism. He says that conquerors only use brute force, nothing to boast of because it arises, by accident, from anothers weakness. Marlow sees colonization as; Robbery with violence, aggravated murder on a great scale, and men going at it blind - as it is very proper for those who†¦show more content†¦Throughout the tale, Marlow is disgusted with what he sees during his employment in the ivory company. He is shocked and angered at the horrible treatment of the black workers. By the end of his tale, Marlow has turned from the brutality of the whites to the truth and reality he sees in the black jungle natives. In this way, through his realization of his kinship with the blacks, Marlow emerges as the light half: what Kurtz may have been if he had not had to suffer the hardship he did. Like Marlow, Kurtz began his employment with the ivory company with noble intentions: he wants to create a better way of life for the natives. However, because of extreme hardships placed upon him by the manager, Kurtz becomes the dark half of the soul: he symbolizes what Marlow may have become if placed in Kurtz position. A stark reminder of what can happen if fate takes its course. As the treacherous villain of the tale, the manager signifies total darkness and blackness of the soul. He is in charge of the company and its appalling activities that take place within it. The manager humanizes the severely unbalanced priorities of the company through the extreme importance given to the obtaining of ivory and the deficiency of importance given to human lives. In the beginning of the book, Marlow comes upon a grove of death in the jungle where black workers are merely discarded like rusty machinery, no longer able to function satisfactorily in the eyes of the company. MarlowShow MoreRelatedAnalysis Of Joseph Conrad s Heart Of Darkness1250 Words   |  5 Pages Written in 1902, Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness follows the character Marlow in his journey up the Congo River to find the mysterious Kurtz, an ivory trader. In the story, Conrad explores the issues of colonialism and imperialism. The Company has enslaved native Congolese to help them mine for ivor y and rubber in the area. The Congolese experience brutal working conditions as the company profits off their free labor. Racism is evident throughout the story with Marlow calling the blacks â€Å"savages†Read MoreEssay about Heart of Darkness1745 Words   |  7 Pagesdepth review of Joseph Conrad’s Heart of Darkness, a classical novella that illustrates without bias the motives behind human intentions and the extremes individuals can go to achieve wealth and profits at the expense of others with the aim of shedding insight into the rise of European imperialism, the imperial history, its politics and evil activities in the colonized African tribes along the river Congo during the eighteenth and nineteenth century. The Heart of Darkness is an exceptionally figurativeRead More The Evil of Colonialism and Imperialism in Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad1559 Words   |  7 PagesEvil of Colonialism in Heart of Darkness   Ã‚  Ã‚   A masterpiece of twentieth-century writing, Heart of Darkness exposes the tenuous fabric that holds civilization together and the brutal horror at the center of European colonialism. Joseph Conrads novella, Heart of Darkness, describes a life-altering journey that the protagonist, Marlow, experiences in the African Congo.   The story explores the historical period of colonialism in Africa to exemplify Marlows struggles. Joseph Conrads Heart of DarknessRead MoreHeart of Darkness on the Flaws of Imperial Authority1024 Words   |  4 Pages â€Å"Heart of Darkness† on the Flaws of Imperial Authority Throughout Joseph Conrad’s â€Å"Heart of Darkness† despite the many conditions of the described Africa most if not all the characters agree that these conditions indeed differ from the conditions found in Europe. In working through conversations with Chinua Achebe’s Colonialist Criticism and An Image of Africa: Racism in Conrads Heart of Darkness it can be brought to light that not only is Conrad’s â€Å"Heart of Darkness† a novel that criticizesRead More Theme of Colonialism and Imperialism in Conrads Heart of Darkness1008 Words   |  5 PagesThe Theme of Imperialism in Heart of Darkness       Of the themes in Conrads Heart of Darkness, imperialism and colonialism are probably the most important. While Heart of Darkness is actually set on the Thames River, the events Marlow describes are set on the Congo River. The Congo is the river that brought about the partition of Africa that occurred from 1880 to 1890 (McLynn 13). This event marked the beginning of the colonization of Africa. In 1884, European nations held a conference andRead MoreHeart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad1329 Words   |  5 Pages Heart of Darkness is a novel written by Joseph Conrad. The setting of the book is in Belgian Congo, which was the most infamous European colony in Africa. This is a story about the protagonist Marlow’s journey to self discovery, and his experiences in Congo. Conrad’s story explores the colonialism period in Africa to demonstrate Marlow’s struggles. Along the way, he faces insanity, death, his fear of failure, and cultural contamination as he makes his was to the inner station. Conrad through theRead MoreThe Darkness of Imperialism in In Heart of Darkness, by Joseph Conrad567 Words   |  3 Pages In Heart of Darkness, by Joseph Conrad, the interpretation of pre-colonial times is interesting in a way that supersedes other books I’ve read because it’s very honest with how the world worked it that era. The central aim which the shipmates in Heart of Darkness are pursuing is the expansion of their home countries’ empires. Yet many peopl e are hurt in this enterprise, and it’s not only the colonized territories that are impacted negatively by imperialist Europe. Europe’s explorers thatRead MoreHeart Of Darkness Critical Analysis1980 Words   |  8 PagesThe legacy of Heart of Darkness is credited more to Joseph Conrad’s ensnaring form than his message. Readers enamored with the first few pages of â€Å" still and exquisite brilliance† as an unnamed Narrator drifts down the Thames at the helm of a yacht are unceremoniously thrust into a framed narrative of a man who ventures in and out of the heart of the Congo (Conrad 4). Marlow begins his tale by suggesting that England too, was once a dark place to be conquered. â€Å"The conquest of the earth is notRead MoreThe Importance Of Imperialism In Joseph Conrads Heart Of Darkness1174 Words   |  5 PagesOn the surface, Conrad’s work seems to simply stress, â€Å"Humanity is important; fidelity is the highest virtue† (Moser, 1966, pg 11) but is both more subtle and complex. Even in the title of the book, Heart of Darkness, has significance. Africa’s Victorian era nickname was the ‘dark continent’, which â€Å"referred to the fact that little was known in the West about the interior of the continent† (, 2017). Therefore, Congo is the interior or ‘heart’ of Africa. This title also alludes toRead MoreComparative Essay1096 Words   |  5 Pagesanalysis: â€Å"Heart of Darkness† â€Å"Apocalypse Now† Student: Mora Vandenbroele Teacher: Azucena Estigarribia Year: 11th â€Å"A† â€Å"Heart of Darkness† vs. â€Å"Apocalypse Now† It is very interesting how humans are so intrigued about the evilness in the world, and the dedication of some men to compare Hell with the Earthly horror. Joseph Conrad, a genius writer, took his time to show this with his masterpiece â€Å"Heart of Darkness† that was

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Biography of Mary Read, English Pirate

Mary Read (1685–buried April 28, 1721) was an English pirate who sailed with Calico Jack Rackham and Anne Bonny. Though little is known for certain about her former life, she was well-known as a pirate from 1718 to 1720. After being captured, she was spared hanging because she was pregnant but died shortly after due to an illness. Fast Facts: Mary Read Known For: One of the most famous female pirates of all time, Read sailed with Calico Jack Rackham during the early 1700s.Also Known As: Mark ReadBorn: 1685 in EnglandDied: 1721 (buried April 28, 1721) in Port Royal, Jamaica Early Life Most of the limited information about Mary Reads life comes from Captain Charles Johnson (believed by many, but not all, pirate historians to be a pseudonym for Daniel Defoe, the author of Robinson Crusoe). Johnson was descriptive, but never mentioned his sources, so most of Reads alleged background is in doubt. Read was supposedly born sometime around 1690 to the widow of a sea captain. Mary’s mother dressed her up as a boy to pass her off as her older brother, who had died, to get money out of Mary’s paternal grandmother. Mary found she liked dressing as a boy, and as a young â€Å"man† she found work as a soldier and sailor. Marriage Read was fighting for the British in Holland when she met and fell in love with a Flemish soldier. She revealed her secret to him and they married. For a time, they operated an inn called The Three Horseshoes not far from the castle at the town of Breda in the Netherlands. After her husband died, Read could not operate the inn alone, so she went back to war, dressing once again as a man. Peace was soon signed, however, and she was out of work. Read took a ship to the West Indies in hopes of finding new opportunities. Joining the Pirates While en route to the West Indies, Read’s ship was attacked and she was captured by pirates. Read decided to join them and for a while, she lived the life of a pirate in the Caribbean before accepting the king’s pardon in 1718. Like many former pirates, she signed on board a privateer commissioned to hunt down those buccaneers who had not accepted the pardon. The mission didn’t last long, however, as the whole crew soon mutinied and took over the ship. By 1720, she had found her way on board the pirate ship of â€Å"Calico Jack† Rackham. Anne Bonny Calico Jack already had a woman on board: his lover Anne Bonny, who had left her husband for a life of piracy. According to legend, Bonny developed an attraction to Mary, not knowing that she was a woman. When Bonny tried to seduce her, Read revealed herself. According to some accounts, they became lovers anyway, with Rackham’s blessing (or participation). In any event, Bonny and Read were two of Rackham’s most bloodthirsty pirates, each carrying—according to one report—a machete and a pistol. Read was a good fighter. According to legend, she developed an attraction to a man who had been forced to join the pirate crew. The object of her affection managed to irritate a certain cutthroat on board, who challenged him to a duel. Read, fearing that her would-be lover might get killed, challenged the brute to a duel of her own, scheduling it a couple of hours before the other duel was supposed to take place. She promptly killed the pirate, in the process saving the object of her affection. Capture and Trial By late 1720, Rackham and his crew were well known as dangerous pirates, and bounty hunters were sent out to capture or kill them. Captain Jonathan Barnet cornered Rackhams ship in late October 1720. According to some accounts, Bonny and Read fought valiantly while the men hid below deck. Rackham and the other male pirates were quickly tried and hanged in Port Royal, Jamaica, on November 18, 1720. Bonny and Read declared at their trial that they were pregnant, which was soon determined to be true. They would be spared the gallows until they had given birth. Death Mary Read never got to taste freedom again. She developed a fever and died in prison not long after her trial, probably sometime in early April 1721. Records from St. Catherine Parish in Jamaica show that Read was buried on April 28, 1721. Legacy Most of the information about Read comes from Captain Johnson, who most likely embellished at least some of it. It is impossible to say how much of what is commonly known about Read is true. It is certainly true that a woman by that name served with Rackham, and evidence is strong that both women on his ship were able, skilled pirates who were every bit as tough and ruthless as their male counterparts. As a pirate, Read didnt leave much of a mark. Rackham is famous for having female pirates on board (and for having an impressive pirate flag), but he was strictly a small-time operator, never getting close to the levels of infamy of someone like Blackbeard or the success of someone like Edward Low or Black Bart Roberts. Nevertheless, Read and Bonny have captured the public imagination as being the only two well-documented female pirates in the so-called Golden Age of Piracy. In an age and society where the freedom of women was greatly restricted, Read and Bonny lived a life at sea as full members of a pirate crew. As subsequent generations increasingly romanticize piracy and the likes of Rackham, Bonny, and Read, their stature has grown even further. Sources Cordingly, David. Under the Black Flag:  The Romance and the Reality of Life Among the Pirates. New York: Random House Trade Paperbacks, 1996.Defoe, Daniel. A General History of the Pyrates. Mineola: Dover Publications, 1972/1999.Johnson, Charles, and Margarette Lincoln. A General History of the Robberies and Murders of the Most Notorious Pirates. The Folio Society, 2018.Konstam, Angus. The World Atlas of Pirates. Guilford: The Lyons Press, 2009.Woodard, Colin. The Republic of Pirates: Being the True and Surprising Story of the Caribbean Pirates and the Man Who Brought Them Down. Mariner Books, 2008.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Market Segmentation Product Concepts Free Essays

ZULQARNAIN BIN ABU HASSAN SCM 022431 REVIEW OF SEPTEMBER ISSUE When talking about mix and match and color blocking it is normally related to the fashion world. It is also involves modeling, in terms of clothes, accessories, gadgets, men and women, and trending. There are various ways for customer to get reference in fashion. We will write a custom essay sample on Market Segmentation: Product Concepts or any similar topic only for you Order Now Some will refer to the while other may use word of mouth. However most will use fashion magazine as their main reference. So just what fashion do you prefer? Mix and match? Color Blocking? Trending? There are many answers and you can make a long list if you want. Here we will focus on a September Issue documentary film about the construction of a prominent magazine in New York City, â€Å"Vogue†. Vogue magazine led by its editor Anna Wintour a strong influential and is supported by fashion designers all over Europe. A bit of background of the Editor. She was an ex model and is a hardcore follower of Vogue magazine since her teens. Her father Charles Wintour, former editor of a newspaper, persuade join the Vogue magazine. In this documentary film it will highlight how a fashion magazine is being published. Publishing a magazine will involved planning the content of the magazine for each month, what message to be conveyed to the reader and followers of Vogue, and try to anticipate future fashion or trending today. The production of the magazine should always be able to communicate to the readers. It also should express its views despite the bitter outlook. This is done through pre-production. The publication of a magazine will have to looked in terms of quality and not just profit alone. In the pre-production, editor has to play a big role in ensuring that choices and decisions are made clearly. She has to understand the desires of the readers and followers of the Vogue. For September 2007 Issue, the goals is to make history by producing over 100 pages. Other factors such as fashion related activities, advertising and cover page by endorsed celebrity also plays an important role in a magazine. All the hard work is done during the pre-production. Post mortem is then conducted before they proceed to real production. As editor of Vogue magazine said in 2007 ‘fashion is not about looking back but is about looking forward â€Å". How to cite Market Segmentation: Product Concepts, Essay examples

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Music has no Language Barrier Essay Example For Students

Music has no Language Barrier Essay Music has no Language Barrier We all now know that Korean pop music is dominating the music industry these days. Many haters says that international fans cant even understand what they are saying, for all they know, they night be cursing the fans without them knowing it. Believe me, I have met many people, in reality or online, who hates Korean Music. But is it wrong to love them without knowing their mother tongue? I think there are only 1/3 people who are open minded and the other 2/3 are all close minded people. I mean, male call the male idols gays. Dont they Just feel insecure because the male idols are too Andromeda and not to mention talented? And when a male like Korean Music people would Judge him as gays, well I think bonbons are the ones who have lots of courage because they dont care what other people thinks, its what they like so no one has the right to Judge them. Sure, I will admit that their are Korean Fans would go crazy and chase their idols around the town of Seoul but it only shows that they love them deeply that they want to make their idols notice them. Just like in one of the anises I have watched. The protagonist would go around saying Sensei, please notice me! I think its like that. From what I have seen people who love Korean music tends to be more picky in picking the people who they want to have a relationship with. Because they want that specific person to have the criteria to be Just like their idol. Music has no language barrier. If you like the music then listen to it. If you want to understand what they are saying learn the language. Idols do learn other language so that they communicate with their fans. So Just like that learn the language and you can communicate with your idol online or in reality. By AsdfghJk1142